How Oral Health Affects Overall Health

on November 23, 2021

You may be surprised to find out that taking care of your teeth doesn’t only affect your mouth! Your oral health affects many different aspects of your health, which is another reason why taking care of your smile is extremely important. Following are some health problems you may be more at risk of if you don’t take care of your dental health.

Heart Disease

Even though the connection between gum disease and heart health is still being researched, statistics have shown that if an individual has gum disease, they are more likely to also suffer from heart disease. An array of infections, bacteria, and other dangerous particles can enter through your mouth and into your bloodstream, therefore causing potential infection and inflammation in other parts of your body.

Some studies have even shown that those with gum disease are more likely to have a heart attack or stroke.


Some studies have shown that there is a link between diabetes and gum disease as well. When diabetes is treated, the gum disease tends to improve, and when gum disease is treated, there isn’t as high of a need for insulin. If you suffer from diabetes, treating your gum disease will be much harder, and vice-versa.

If diabetes isn’t controlled, it can lead to higher blood sugar in the mouth, which then leads to a growth in bacteria and a higher risk of gum disease. People with diabetes are therefore extra susceptible to gum disease.

Pregnancy and Infertility

Having good oral hygiene is important for all individuals, but especially expectant mothers. A pregnant woman experiences a lot of hormonal changes, which can leave her at a higher risk of infection, including gingivitis and periodontitis. These oral infections can increase the chances of pregnancy complications, with low birth weight and premature birth being two commonly seen conditions.

Respiratory Issues

Since the mouth is an easy avenue for bacteria to enter through, if bacteria is inhaled from infected gums or teeth over a long period of time, it’s possible that it could lead to an infection in the lungs. This can lead to a slew of respiratory issues such as pneumonia. Gum disease has also been known to worsen existing lung diseases such as COPD and asthma.

This is likely due to the fact that inflammation in the gums can lead to inflammation in the airways, therefore leading to worse respiratory symptoms and damage.

Make Your Dental Appointment Today

Keeping your teeth, gums, and mouth as healthy as possible is easiest when you make bi-annual appointments with Stephens Dentistry. Our dentists are expertly educated and trained not only to clean your teeth to be in tip-top shape, but to notice the warning signs of gum disease and other oral diseases.

Together, we can work to improve your oral health, therefore improving your overall health. For an Evanston dental clinic that will help you achieve ultimate oral health, contact us today.

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What Are the Signs of a Cavity Forming?

on October 7, 2021

No one wants to go to their bi-annual dentist appointment to find out they have a cavity. If you keep up great dental habits and visit the dentist often enough, you’ll most likely be able to prevent cavities. However, even with great habits, they can sometimes still occur. How do you know if you have one starting to form at home that should be checked out? Below are some common signs you may have one beginning to form.

Extra Tooth Sensitivity

While sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures may be something you deal with on a daily basis, it could also be a sign of a cavity if you don’t normally experience it. As your tooth decays from a cavity, the dentin in your tooth becomes exposed, which is ultra-sensitive material. You may notice that they feel more sensitive than usual, especially if just one or two specific teeth are affected or experience a surge of pain.


One of the most common signs of a cavity is pain in a tooth. It may be harder to do certain tasks such as brushing, flossing, biting down, or even breathing in cold air. This pain is due to the dentin and inner nerve of the tooth being exposed when it shouldn’t be. You should never be experiencing daily pain in your teeth or mouth, so even if it’s not a cavity, it might be a sign of something else.

Bleeding or Swollen Gums

It’s possible for a cavity to be near the gumline, in which case the gums will be impacted. The decay and infection around the tooth can affect the soft tissue, which then causes swollen gums. They may not be impacted until you brush, in which case you may notice bleeding that usually doesn’t occur.

Even if the swollen and/or bleeding gums aren’t due to a cavity, there may be another issue occurring such as gingivitis, so it’s best to consult with a dentist either way.

Small Pit or Hole in Tooth

If your cavity has progressed enough without getting it filled, it’s possible that you could see a small hole in the affected tooth. If you’re experiencing tooth pain, sensitivity, or any other symptom accompanied with a small visible dent, there’s a good chance you may have a cavity. A dentist will easily be able to tell you if it’s a cavity or not, and fill the hole if it is.

Persistent Bad Breath

Dealing with bad breath isn’t enjoyable for anyone, and it can be frustrating when it won’t go away. If you have bad breath that doesn’t get better with flossing, brushing your teeth, using mouthwash, or your other usual methods, this could be due to a cavity. Cavities are breeding grounds for bacteria, which can usually have a foul odor to them. You may also be experiencing a consistent bad taste in your mouth that you can’t get to go away.

Contact Us Today

Just like any dental issue, the sooner you get it checked out, the better. If you do have a cavity, catching it before it becomes deeper or more serious will require a less invasive and time-consuming filling. Dental decay can lead to much more serious problems, so if you think you may have a cavity, we encourage you to visit our family dentist in Evanston to get it examined. We’re just a call, click or drive away, so don’t delay your appointment!

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Why is it Bad to Grind Your Teeth?

on September 16, 2021

If you’re grinding your teeth nightly, you’re not alone. Also known as bruxism, teeth grinding is a condition that affects about 10% of individuals. It may be due to stress, bite issues, missing teeth, or even sleep apnea. Whatever the reason, it can be a very harmful condition. While occasional grinding isn’t usually an issue, doing it every single night can lead to many different issues down the road.

Damaged Teeth

While teeth are relatively strong, they can still be worn down, especially by grinding them. Enamel is what protects your teeth, so shaving it off by grinding can become very problematic. It can also make your teeth loose and weak, and makes it easier for them to decay. Over time, if the grinding becomes consistent or severe enough, it can wear teeth down to become virtually stubs.


Teeth grinding may cause you to experience headaches, earaches, small bites or lesions on your cheek or tongue, and tooth and jaw pain. Grinding down on your teeth makes your jaw muscles work all night and can cause your jaw to lock up, experience strange clicking noises or feelings, or even restrict the range of motion your jaw has. If you wake up with a sore jaw, it’s most likely a sign you’ve been grinding your teeth.

If you’re experiencing severe pain, you may have TMJ, or temporomandibular joint dysfunction. When you grind your teeth, your joints become misaligned, which causes overstimulation and pain in the joints. For this reason, it’s not uncommon for bruxism and TMJ to go hand in hand.

Causes Need for Dental Treatments

If your teeth grinding becomes serious enough and has caused significant damage, you may need to receive crowns, bridges, implants, or veneers. Bad teeth grinding can cause tooth damage bad enough that can’t be fixed on its own or reversed, therefore causing the need for treatment.

Can Change Your Bite

Since grinding your teeth involves consistent and pressureful movement from your jaw, it’s possible for grinding to change your bite, leading to the possibility of an over or underbite. This could even change the shape of your mouth and face overall, if the grinding is severe and consistent enough.

Schedule an Appointment Today

There are many treatments for bruxism in order to prevent any severe issues with your teeth or overall health, such as using a mouth guard or taking muscle relaxants. Taking the right steps can help stop the grinding so none of the deteriorating effects take place. While it’s possible that you grind your teeth without any harmful side effects from occurring, there’s always a chance that it can cause damage.

Stop problems from happening by preventing them in the first place with an appointment at our family dentist in Evanston. With many different treatment options to choose from, our dentist will help pick the right one for you. Make an appointment today to discuss your teeth grinding!

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How to Treat Sensitivity in Teeth

on August 4, 2021

If you experience pain in your teeth and mouth from things such as hot or cold food and drinks or certain toothpastes and mouthwashes, you may be dealing with tooth sensitivity. Having sensitive teeth stems from having thin enamel, as without enough enamel, your tooth isn’t as protected against whatever touches it. Fortunately, there are many ways to fight against tooth sensitivity.

Choosing the Right Toothpaste

It’s important to pick a toothpaste that specifically targets sensitive teeth. The ingredients in them can help stop sensitivity pain from traveling up the nerve into the tooth. If you use mouthwash, make sure to use an alcohol-free one, as the alcohol can further irritate your sensitive teeth.

Make sure to also use soft toothbrushes specifically meant for sensitive teeth. If you brush too hard or use a brush with hard bristles, you may be doing more harm than good by breaking down your enamel.

Fluoride Treatment

A special fluoride treatment applied at the dentist’s office can help strengthen your enamel, therefore decreasing your sensitivity. You may benefit from prescription fluoride in-office or even at home, depending on what your dentist recommends.

Take Care of Your Enamel

Since enamel breaking down is usually the root of tooth sensitivity, taking steps to keep your enamel strong will prevent your tooth sensitivity from getting worse, or from happening in the first place. Acidic food and drinks such as sodas and carbonated beverages, candies, alcohol, and dairy break down your tooth enamel. Instead, try eating a fiber-rich diet that isn’t full of unhealthy acids. If you do eat something extremely acidic, it’s best to brush your teeth right after.

Avoid Excessive Teeth Whitening

If you have sensitive teeth, whitening your teeth can cause even more pain in the nerves, causing more discomfort when you eat, drink, or even breathe in very cold air. If you know teeth whitening is a trigger for you, talk to your dentist about if you should continue, and if there are better teeth whitening alternatives that won’t worsen your symptoms.

Wear a Nightguard

It’s possible that your sensitive teeth are due to teeth grinding, also known as bruxism. If you grind your teeth at night, your enamel will wear down, therefore leading your teeth to be sensitive to hot and cold food and other triggers. If this is the cause, then getting fitted for the correct size and type of nightguard can keep you from grinding, therefore keeping your tooth enamel from breaking down.

Consult with Your Dentist

There are many different causes of tooth sensitivity, from loose fillings, a receding gum line, gum disease, a cracked tooth, jaw clenching, and more. Perhaps it’s your whole mouth, or one tooth is suddenly sensitive.

Your dentist at Stephens Dentistry will be able to assess your symptoms to figure out the best course of action for you. If the steps you’re taking at home aren’t effective, consulting with an expert can give you answers and help you find the root of the problem.

For a dentist near Evanston who will help treat your tooth pain and sensitivity concerns, we recommend scheduling an appointment with Stephens Dentistry today.

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What Are Some Good Questions to Ask a Dentist?

on July 19, 2021

Given that you typically visit the dentist at least twice a year, you want to make the most of it. While we’re only a phone call away, it’s best to have all your questions and concerns prepared before your appointment so that you can discuss them in-person. You may think of questions every so often, but come time for your appointment, forget what they were.

The following are some basic questions for your dentist at your next appointment so you can feel confident in your oral hygiene habits all year round.

Is Constant Mouth Pain Normal?

If you’re feeling pain in your mouth, it’s most likely a sign something is wrong and you should discuss it with your dentist. There are many reasons you may be feeling discomfort, from a cavity to a chipped tooth to gum sensitivity to your wisdom teeth growing in. Regardless of the culprit, don’t assume that the pain should simply be dismissed. Explaining it fully to your dentist will allow them to locate where the pain is coming from and how to get to the root of the problem.

Is Teeth Whitening Right For Me?

If you have a special occasion coming up or simply just want a boost for your smile, teeth whitening could be a great option. With three different whitening treatments, it’s best to discuss with your doctor which one would be right for you. Depending on your specific needs and dental situation, they will be able to recommend one that will be most effective for your teeth.

Why Do I Have Sensitive Teeth?

Tooth sensitivity can be rather debilitating as it can prevent you from eating or drinking your favorite foods and drinks, from whitening your teeth, and from using certain toothpaste products. There are a variety of causes that can lead to tooth sensitivity, and the causes may need to be further assessed by your dentist to prevent future problems. They should also be able to recommend possible solutions to curb the sensitivity.

Do My Gums Look Healthy?

Taking care of your gums is just as vital as taking care of your teeth. If not given enough care and attention, you may get gingivitis, which is a potentially serious gum disease. After receiving a thorough check-up, ask your dentist how your gums look and if they think you need to take any additional step to take care of your gums, such as flossing more or using a special mouthwash.

You may also discuss what the warning signs of gum disease look like so you can be on the lookout for any changes in your mouth.

Will You Screen For Oral Cancer?

Oral cancer is a potentially devastating disease, which is why screenings at your check-ups are recommended. It’s best to find a dentist who commits to well-rounded care of your oral health and will do a full examination. We offer oral cancer screenings at every check-up, and encourage you to also discuss with your doctor if it runs in your family or if you have any questions or concerns about the disease.

Make an Appointment Today

Your bi-annual appointments are more for just getting your teeth cleaned; they’re about asking your dentist all the necessary questions so you feel fully informed and confident about keeping a healthy, beautiful smile. As the best dentist in Evanston, our team cares greatly about the health of our clients. We will gladly answer any questions and go the extra mile to make sure you have the tools to take care of your dental health.

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What Is Sealant For Teeth?

on June 30, 2021

If your dentist recently recommended for you to receive sealants, you likely have some questions about what they are and why they are being recommended. Simply put, dental sealants are specialized resin coatings placed on back teeth to help prevent cavities. The back chewing teeth are not as smooth as other teeth due to grooves and pits, making the surfaces harder to keep clean.

Do Dental Sealants Prevent Cavities?

With pits and fissures in the teeth, it’s very easy for food, bacteria, and other particles to become stuck inside. This, in turn, provides the perfect breeding ground for cavities to form and for teeth to decay. Sealants act as a hardened blanket on top of the tooth to keep out particles and bacteria that could turn into cavities. According to the Journal of the American Dental Association, sealants reduce the risk of cavities by 80%.

Who Can Benefit From Sealants

It’s entirely safe and effective for individuals of all ages to receive sealants. Sealants are effective for adults because if they are cavity-free yet display deep pits and fissures, a sealant might be recommended to prevent future cavities.

When a child grows a new adult tooth, they are not as resistant to bacteria and decay as an adult’s tooth is because the enamel coating that protects teeth has not fully developed and hardened yet. That, coupled with less vigilant hygiene habits, lead to an increased chance of getting cavities. Fortunately, this is where dental sealants can be extra effective.

How Are They Placed?

The process for receiving sealants is painless and relatively fast. The tooth is first cleaned and dried, and any existing decay is removed. A solution is then applied into the pits and grooves of the teeth, which makes the sealant stick better to the exact shape of the tooth.

Next, the liquid sealant is painted on the tooth and very quickly hardens, and a blue light is sometimes used to ensure it is completely cured. After the appointment is over, you are able to eat and drink right away.

How Long Do They Last?

Sealants typically last around nine years before having to be replaced. However, they have the potential to fall off of the tooth sooner. During check-ups, your dentist will check to make sure your sealants are still in place, and replace them if they are missing. They will last longer by avoiding foods or candies that are very sticky or hard.

Virtually Unnoticeable

Right after the sealant is applied, you may be able to feel a smooth texture when running your tongue over your teeth. You may also feel as if your back teeth don’t fully touch when you bite down. However, these feelings are temporary and will usually go away after the first day. After that, you should not be able to tell at all that you have sealants.

How To Know When Sealants Are Necessary

While looking at your teeth during your routine 6-month check-up, your dentist will be able to tell if dental sealants would be beneficial for you. If you have any sort of oral issue, are prone to cavities, or simply haven’t booked a check-up in a while, the staff at our dental clinic near Evanston is here for you. Contact us today to schedule an appointment to find out if sealants are right for you. We look forward to seeing you in our office.

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How to Protect Yourself Against Gum Disease

on May 7, 2021

Your oral health isn’t only about your teeth! Your gums play a large role in your health as well. Keeping them clean, healthy, and well-taken care of can prevent various diseases and support your overall tooth and oral health. Gum disease begins when plaque begins to build up on the gum line, which can then lead to tooth decay and gingivitis, which is the earliest stage of gum disease. This can lead to periodontitis, which is a more advanced form of gum disease. Fortunately, there are many preventative measures you can take.


The easiest and most effective way to prevent plaque buildup on the gum line is to floss, floss, floss! Don’t underestimate the power flossing has on your oral health – according to the American Dental Association, flossing can reach food and plaque that cannot be reached from your toothbrush. Try to incorporate it into your daily routine, whether it be in the morning, night, or while watching tv.

Brush Twice a Day

Brushing your teeth often and effectively is also extremely beneficial in preventing plaque buildup on the gum line as well as removing food, plaque, or other gunk in between or on the surface of teeth. Brush the front and back of your teeth, and make sure to angle the toothbrush onto your gum line too, without brushing hard enough to cause irritation. Consider switching to an electric toothbrush if you haven’t already, as they can be even more effective at removing plaque.

Pick the Right Toothpaste

With so many different claims and options available, it can be hard to pick out which toothpastes are better. We suggest picking a toothpaste with fluoride as well as one that is approved by the ADA logo on it so you know that it’s approved by dentists. While the type of toothbrush you use as well as your brushing habits have an impact on preventing gum disease, picking the right toothpaste is important as well.

Use Mouthwash

The right mouthwash is a great supplement to complete your daily oral cleaning routine. Mouthwash can help reduce plaque and prevent gingivitis according to the ADA. It can also remove debris from your mouth after eating or get any pieces that you missed while brushing or flossing. Like toothpaste, make sure you pick a mouthwash that has the ADA stamp of approval. Remember that while using mouthwash is effective, it should not be used as a substitute for brushing or flossing.

Attend Regular Dental Check-Ups

Aside from having a strong oral cleaning routine at home, the best thing you can do for your gum health is to schedule check-ups every six months. Our dentists are dedicated to keeping your whole family’s smile healthy and can detect early signs of gum disease. The earlier it’s caught, the less work it will be to reverse. If you are due for a dental cleaning or have concerns about your gum or mouth health, don’t wait to reach out to our dental office in Evanston. We look forward to hearing from you!

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How to Protect Yourself Against Oral Cancer

on April 7, 2021

April is oral cancer awareness month, so it’s a great time to be extra vigilant about your mouth and tooth health. Oral cancer is a common occurrence with over 200,000 cases in the US each year, the main sign being a growing, red or white sore that develops anywhere in the mouth, lips, cheeks, or tongue. While treatment such as surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy are effective for this type of cancer, there are active steps you can take to prevent it.

Avoid tobacco use

It’s no secret that tobacco is bad for your health, but did you know that it also directly affects your mouth and teeth? Tobacco can cause ulcers that then lead to cancer, and smokeless tobacco is known to kill off genes that protect against cancer. In fact, 85% of all head and neck cancer, including oral cancer, are caused by tobacco use.

Protect your lips from the sun

Oral cancer can occur in your lips as well. Protect against it by applying chapstick or lip balm with SPF in it. Avoid excessive sun exposure overall, as well as tanning beds. Your lips can get sunburned as well as the rest of your skin, so they are no exception to following the rules of staying safe and smart in the sun. In addition, peak hours of sunshine are typically 10am-2pm, so if you are outside during these hours, make sure to reapply lip balm with sunscreen and wear a hat to shield your face from the sun.

Get your HPV Vaccine

An individual can get oral cancer from HPV, which is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. About 70% of oral cancer cases in the US are caused by HPV, with about 11,600 Americans each year being diagnosed with HPV-related head and neck cancers. Men are three times as likely than women to get an HPV-related cancer. While of course not all HPV manifests into oral cancer, it’s smart to practice safe sexual encounters as well as get your HPV shot to lower your risk.

See your dentist regularly

Most importantly, practice healthy hygiene habits by not only brushing and flossing daily but also seeing your dentist twice a year. Dentists are often the ones who detect growths and other issues early on, and they may be the one to notice oral cancer on your mouth or lips. Stephens Dentistry is dedicated to providing high quality care to all patients and will happily screen you for oral cancer. If you are seeking a highly skilled dentist in Evanston that can submit claims to PPO, call us today to schedule an appointment. We look forward to hearing from you!

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How to Take Control of Dental Anxiety

on March 9, 2021

If you avoid going to the dentist because of anxiety and fear, you’re certainly not alone. According to a recent study conducted at Columbia University’s College of Dental Medicine, as many as 40 million Americans avoid going to the dentist because of their anxiety and fear. And avoiding regular dental treatment, in turn, can lead to more dental problems and more anxiety in the future.

At Stephens Dentistry, we don’t want you to suffer any anxiety or dental pain in Evanston, and here are five tips for keeping your anxiety under control.

1. Speak Up and Communicate.

Don’t keep your anxiety bottled up. Tell the receptionist when you book your appointment about your anxiety, and then discuss this issue with the dentist and dental assistants at the beginning of your appointment. Share any bad dental experiences you may have had in the past, and ask questions about the procedure you’re about to have. A little knowledge can help alleviate a lot of fear. And agree on a hand signal to let the dentist know when you need a break.

2. Watch What You Eat and Drink.

Before your appointment, avoid sugary foods and caffeine, in favor of high-protein foods that can have a calming effect.

3. Try Distracting Yourself.

Take your mind off the procedure by bringing some headphones to listen to your favorite music or an audiobook. You might also occupy your hands with a stress ball or a fidget spinner.

4. Focus on your breathing.

As in meditating, focus on slow, regular breathing to help reduce your stress level.

Schedule an Appointment for More Information

We hope these tips will help you avoid anxiety and dental pain in Evanston, and we hope you’ll make Stephens Dentistry your dental practice of choice.

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5 Ways to Love Your Smile This Month

on February 12, 2021

Each and every day, your smile helps you eat, laugh, and articulate your thoughts and feelings. It should come as no surprise that your favorite dentist in Evanston, Illinois recommends showing your teeth some love this month and every other! Here’s a quick check-list of tooth-friendly activities to accomplish.

1. Book your next dental exam

Most people should visit the dentist every 6 months (or twice per year) for a regular checkup. These appointments allow us to give you a professional clean and thorough examination.

2. Get a new toothbrush

Do you remember when you last replaced your toothbrush? Toothbrushes should be swapped out every 3-4 months, or sooner if you notice that the bristles are fraying.

3. Assess your oral health routine

Have you let things slide a bit recently? Nobody’s perfect. If the rigors of daily life have had you skipping steps, now’s a great time to get back on track!

4. Eat a tooth-healthy diet

You probably already know that sugary drinks and snacks can negatively impact your dental health. What you may not know is that certain foods are essential to strong teeth and gums! Eating a balanced diet and drinking plenty of water can help keep your mouth healthy.

5. Quit smoking

Working to let go of harmful habits like smoking could be the best gift you ever give your smile. Quitting is challenging for most people who have formed a nicotine habit, but your teeth and gums will thank you in the long run.

Are you looking for a friendly dentist in Evanston, Illinois? Allow us to be your new general dentist! We can help you take care of your smile and keep it looking great for years to come. Contact us today to schedule an appointment.

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